What are the risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea can affect both young and old. There’s an assumption that only adults battle with sleep apnea. Hence, it is time to discard such hypothesis. We have heard about kids battling sleep apnea. However, it is expedient for every individual to know that there are factors that increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Remember, obstructive sleep apnea is a type of sleep apnea. 

So, in this write-up, we’ll talk about what sleep apnea entails. Not only that, but we’ll also be explaining in detail the risk factors of obstructive sleep apnea. Therefore, we urge you to sit back and follow us closely.

What is sleep apnea? 

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that makes breathing stop and starts repeatedly. If you notice that your breathing does stop and start frequently, you might have sleep apnea symptoms. On the other hand, if one snores loudly and such person always feels tired after a whole night’s sleep, one might be battling sleep apnea. You might be wondering if snoring is a serious matter. Of course, it is. Snoring is one of the common symptoms of sleep apnea. Although, there are other symptoms. With that said, it would be nice to talk about obstructive sleep apnea. 

WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA?

What is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)? 

Obstructive sleep apnea is a type of sleep apnea. It occurs when throat muscles relax. Furthermore, obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the back of one’s throat relax excessively to permit normal breathing. Hence, these muscles support structures, including the back of the roof of one’s mouth, the triangular piece of tissue hanging from the soft palate, the tonsils, and the tongue. However, let us talk about the only way to get rid of obstructive sleep apnea. The only way to get rid of it is for one to embark on the journey of losing weight, or one can have surgery to eradicate or remove the excess tissue from the throat. But we would like to inform you that surgery can have side effects. That is why surgery is usually viewed as the last option.   

Risk factors of OSA

  1. Excess weight: When there’s an increase in one’s weight, the risk of sleep apnea increases. Obesity increases the risk of having sleep apnea. Suppose fat deposits around one’s upper airway, one’s breathing can be obstructed. And this will lead to sleep apnea. This vital information must go viral on social media platforms. Many people are battling this, and they don’t know. Therefore, one needs to look for ways to reduce one’s weight to avoid sleep apnea. It is expedient for every individual to ensure that their weight is average. If there’s excess weight, the airway might get blocked or obstructed; the breathing becomes something difficult. 
  2. Being male: Men are more prone to have sleep apnea than women. The only way women increase their risk of having sleep apnea is if they have excess weight. Also, their risk appears to rise after menopause. So, naturally, men are more prone to have sleep apnea than women. 
  3. Smokers: Of course, smokers are liable to die young. If you love smoking, you may have SA. In fact, it is said that smokers are five times more likely to have OSA than people who refrain themselves from smoking. When you smoke, the inflammation and fluid retention in the upper airway increase. And this might affect one’s breathing. So, people should limit the rate at which they smoke. We have heard about several people who have undergone the surgery process resulting from smoking. 
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA?
  1. Family history: SA can be genetic. If you have family members battling with SA, there’s a high tendency that one might also have it. There are countless people out there who brought SA into their lives because their parents had it. What are we saying in essence? We are trying to let you know that OSA can be hereditary. Therefore, family background or history is one of the risk factors for having OSA. 
  2. Neck circumference: If your neck is thick, you might later end up having SA. We have seen countless people like that. They got OSA because their neck is wide. Therefore, having a wide neck is also one factor contributing to the increase of sleep apnea. 
  3. Being older: Being older is also one of the risk factors for OSA. Of course, research shows that adults’ battle with SA is more than that of the young ones. You might be curious to know the exact age. There’s no permanent age range. But the fact remains that adults aged 50 are more likely to have sleep apnea (SA). 
  4. Use of alcohol and sedatives: People that can’t do without taking alcohol are prone to have OSA. This statement of fact was derived from a medical doctor who was speaking about how to avoid OSA. The doctor stated that to stay safe from having SA, one needs to reduce the rate at which one consumes alcohol. Chemicals in the alcohol may relax the muscles in one’s throat, which can obstruct one’s breathing. Therefore, taking alcohol and tranquilizers is one of the risk factors for OSA. 
  5. Medical conditions: People battling heart diseases are at high risk of having sleep apnea. Not only that, but other medical conditions can also increase the risk of having OSA. Some of them are; high blood pressure, diabetes (type 2), and Parkinson’s disease. Furthermore, polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal disorder, and chronic lung diseases like asthma can also increase the risk of having obstructive sleep apnea. 
  6. Nasal congestion: If one finds it so hard to breathe through one’s nose, whether from anatomical or allergies problems, one is more prone to have OSA.

On a final note

Dear reader, the information you’ve seen here should be on social media platforms. Please kindly share the link to this page with family and friends. You never can tell; you might be helping someone. In this write-up, we explained the meaning of sleep apnea, and we also explained in detail the risk factors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Finally, if you have a question regarding this topic, please feel free to share. 

What are the types of sleep apnea?

In this article, we’ll be revealing the three types of sleep apnea. We’ll be explaining them in detail, one after the other. Have you ever found yourself battling fatigue and drowsiness during the day after getting the regular hours of sleep? You need to see your doctor; perhaps you have sleep apnea. 

But before we jump into the details, it would be nice to start this write-up with the meaning of sleep apnea. 

What is sleep apnea? 

Sleep apnea (SA) is a dangerous sleep disorder affecting breathing. One is said to be battling sleep apnea when breathing stops and repeatedly starts during sleep. Also, if one snores loudly and feels tired after spending a standard range of night sleep, one may be battling sleep apnea. This case is critical because it can lead to severe life-threatening issues. We have heard about people having heart failure, diabetes (type 2, to be precise), Parkinson’s diseases, and lots more due to sleep apnea. Why are we saying this? We are trying to show you how dangerous sleep apnea can be. It requires attention. 

Also, sleep apnea has its common symptoms. So, once you see those symptoms, you shouldn’t wait for people to tell you to do the needful. Please talk to your doctor. However, we need to explain some of its symptoms. The most common one is loud snoring. Please don’t join the league of people who assume all is well, even with loud snoring at night. Snoring loudly during sleep is a severe matter one needs to attend to. It may be that the muscles in the throat are affected. 

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF SLEEP APNEA?

Furthermore, other symptoms of SA include morning headache, irritability, awakening with a dry mouth, insomnia, hypersomnia, gasping for air during sleep, and lots more. Hence, once you see the symptoms listed above, please take the necessary steps. Remember, the first step you need to take is to consult your doctor. 

In the US, it was said that sleep apnea affected nearly twelve percent of the population. As of 2016, sleep apnea affected thirty million people. 

Types of sleep apnea

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea:  Sleep apnea can occur if the muscles in the back of the throat relax excessively to permit normal breathing. You should know that the muscles work together to support structures. The muscles support the soft palate, the uvula, the tonsils, and the tongue. Therefore, once these muscles in the back of the throat relax too much, it will completely block the ideal flow of air in the airways, then the breathing will be affected. And once the breathing is affected, sleep apnea will occur. Also, the person may start to snore. Snoring is one of the common symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea. Mind you, not everyone who snores is battling sleep apnea. OSA is the most common type/cause of sleep apnea. Research shows that OSA has risen significantly in the last twenty years due to obesity. Oh! Please note that obesity is the most common risk factor for OSA. How do doctors diagnose? Doctors use a sleep test that measures brain activity during sleep to diagnose OSA. 
  2. Central sleep apnea: CSA is less common than OSA. It can be a little hard to diagnose. Unlike OSA, which is caused by a mechanical problem that blocks the airway, the CSA has its involvement from the brain. This type of sleep apnea occurs when the brain fails to carry out its duties appropriately. The brain is a crucial part of the body responsible for every activity in the body internally. So, if the brain fails to send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing, then sleep apnea will occur. Dr. Capasso explained that a neurological reason causes CSA. Both young and adults can be affected by central sleep apnea. The explanation is straightforward, and one should be able to presume that even kids are not exempted because everyone’s brain is functioning.   
  3. Complex sleep apnea syndrome: So, one can combine the above-listed two types. Complex sleep apnea syndrome is otherwise known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea. It happens when someone is battling both obstructive and central sleep apnea.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF SLEEP APNEA?

The similarities between the three types of sleep apnea

People battling with sleep apnea (SA) experience sporadic episodes of pauses in breathing. That is, it doesn’t matter the type of SA you’re fighting with. You’ll surely experience a pause in your breathing. According to what we heard from a reliable source, everyone that has SA will always experience a breathing halt that’ll last for at least ten seconds or more. According to the sleep foundation, every individual battling with SA must stay awake even at midnight because they find it so hard to breathe normally.

Also, it is common for people battling with SA of any kind to have partial arousals from their sleep countless times a night. But we notice that the person in the picture might not know something is wrong or interrupts their sleep since the break in their sleep always happens within a short period. So, they may not be aware they’re experiencing episodic sleep. 

Furthermore, there are common symptoms of sleep apnea. It doesn’t matter the type of SA you’re battling with. Central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea have some symptoms in common. People fighting with CSA and OSA will see signs like morning headaches, loud snoring, irritability, and insomnia.

On a final note

This write-up contains the meaning of sleep apnea, and we also explain the three types of sleep apnea in detail. Not only that, but we also talked about the similarities between the three types of sleep apnea. 

Dear reader, we perceive that this vital information needs to go viral on social media platforms. Please help us share the link to this page with family and friends. However, a question might cross your mind while reading this write-up. Please kindly drop your question in the comment box. 

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